By: Jody Venema
When it comes to selecting the right HDD tools for your job, the last thing you want to do is guess. There’s too much on the line. So, when we get calls from drillers asking which Melfred Borzall tool to use, we always ask three important questions. Knowing these answers gives us a sense of the bigger picture, enabling us to provide the best information and suggestions for a successful drill.
We can’t give a recommendation about which type of blade or backreamer is best for a particular operation until we know what kind of soil you’re drilling in–and it an look a lot different below than on the surface. There are three main types of soil, and we recommend different HDD tools for each.
Sandy– Sandy soil is the easiest to drill, from the standpoint of operating pressure. But sandy conditions require a good general-purpose blade with a lot of chunky hardfacing. Our
UltraBit 3 is perfect for this, with plenty of carbide hardfacing for wear resistance. It’s also packed with aggressive conical carbide cutter blocks for chewing through tougher conditions, including sand-stone. Meanwhile, your reamer should be able to achieve maximum mixing and pumping action. Our Turbo reamer features curved packer blades, all ideal for sandy conditions.
Clay– You might think of clay as being a doughy material, and it is–when it’s wet. But underground, clay can dry out and compact into a fairly hard material. Therefore, you need a tool with a little more meat to it, something with more teeth. Our Tornado reamers are good examples because they’ve got carbide-tipped blades that are positioned to efficiently cut through hard compact materials, but still retain excellent mixing and pumping action.
Rocky – Before deciding which bit or blade to use in “rock”, first determine if it is solid and hard (like granite), softer (like sandstone), fracturable (like shale), or cobbles. Each one might need to be attacked differently. For solid and hard rock, you’ll need a mud motor or air hammer and a tricone or PDC bit. For reaming, you’ll need to use a hole opener. (We carry a lot of these tools but if we don’t offer it, we’ll tell you what you need and where to find it.)
For softer rock and cobbles, you’ll want something very stout with lots of thick, carbide cutters. Possibly a tool like our Ogre or Juggernaut, but with dome style carbide cutters for a better grinding action.
Rock that fractures also needs to be attacked by a lot of carbide cutters, but these should have a conical or shark-tooth profile to break up the rock into small bits. Bits like the Steep Taper Ultra Bit and Eagle Claw are a perfect weapon to go up against conditions like shale and caliche.
Your conditions include things like type and diameter of the product pipe you’re installing, the profile of your bore and the distance of your shot. For basic straight shots, you’ll need to know the maximum outer diameter of your pipe, then multiply by 1.5 to determine the size of backreamer you should use.
We need to know more about the bore profile (How deep? How long is the bore? Are there any drastic bends?) so we can make sure that your hole will have sufficient diameter to handle the drill string and product pipe without squeezing or stretching the pipe, or causing road humps. Remember: the longer your bore, the more critical it is that you stick to that 1.5x multiplier.
Your rig’s make, model, and size tell us right way the range of tools that are designed to fit your machine. In particular, knowing the size of your rig is especially important so we can recommend the right combination of tooling, including blades, reamers, and swivels.
We need to ensure that the reamer matches your rig’s power rating. You don’t want a reamer on a shaft that isn’t rated to handle the torque or pullback of your rig. We also need to ensure the threads and blade bolt-pattern match your OEM connections.
Knowing your rig’s model number will also give us information on the drill fluid flow that is available. This will also be important when recommending particular HDD tools or the specific process for completing the bore successfully. On a side note, if yours is an uncommon rig or you need a custom HDD tooling solution, we can engineer a custom adapter to connect pretty much any tool to any rig.
An HDD distributor who asks lots of questions is a distributor who cares about your job’s success. The more information you can supply, the better. Having the answers to the above questions ready when you call will help you order the right tool so you can make sure your job gets done right.